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Teen Drug Use
Monitoring the Future 2019
On screen: Monitoring the Future is an annual survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders conducted by researchers at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, under a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health.
Since 1975, the survey has measured how teens report their drug, alcohol, and cigarette use and related attitudes in 12th graders nationwide; 8th and 10th graders were added to the survey in 1991.
42,531 students from 396 public and private schools participated in the 2019 survey.
Figure 1: Teen Vaping Climbs Significantly* – Both Nicotine and Marijuana (THC)
Bar graph: Daily Nicotine Vaping – Measured for the first time in 2019.
8th grade: 1.9%
10th grade: 6.9%
12th grade: 11.7%
Line graph: Nicotine Vaping – Past Month Use
8th grade: 9.6%
10th grade: 19.9%
12th grade: 25.5%
2019 Past month nicotine vaping equates to: 1 in 4 – 12th graders, 1 in 5 – 10th graders, and 1 in 10 – 8th graders.
Line graph: Teen Vaping of Marijuana (THC) – Past Month Use
8th grade: 3.9%
10th grade: 12.6%
12th grade: 14%
The number of seniors who reported vaping marijuana during the past month increased from 7.5% in 2018 to 14% in 2019. This is the second largest one-year jump for any substance in the 45-year survey history, behind past month nicotine vaping (2017 to 2018).
Bar graph: Daily THC Vaping – Measured or the First Time in 2019
8th grade: 0.8%
10th grade: 3.0%
12th grade: 3.5%
*2018 – 2019 increase in past month THC vaping among 12th graders is the second largest one-year jump ever tracked for any substance in the 45-year survey history. (Nicotine vaping was the largest from 2017 – 2018).
Figure 3: Teens Report Reasons for Vaping
When asked why they vape, many teens said:
- to experiment (60.9%)
- because it tastes good (41.7%)
- to have a good time with friends (37.9%)
- to relax and relieve tension (37.4%) – representing an increase of nearly one-third since 2018
- to feel good or get high (29.0%)
- boredom (28.7%)
- it looks cool (15.2%)
- because they’re “hooked” (8.1%) which doubled from 2018 (3.6%)
- to help quit regular cigarettes (6.1%)
- regular cigarette use is not permitted (3.3%)
Department of Health and Services logo — National Institute on Drug Abuse logo
For more information, please visit: drugabuse.gov/mtf
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