Animated Infographic: Monitoring the Future 2019 – Overall Results

Video Length: 3:33
Transcript: 

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[There is not a narrator in this video. All text is either text on screen or text descriptions of the graphics shown.]

Teen Drug Use

Monitoring the Future 2019

On screen: Monitoring the Future is an annual survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders conducted by researchers at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, under a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Since 1975, the survey has measured how teens report their drug, alcohol, and cigarette use and related attitudes in 12th graders nationwide; 8th and 10th graders were added to the survey in 1991.

42,531 students from 396 public and private schools participated in the 2019 survey.

Figure 1: Illicit Drug Use

Line graph: Illicit Drug Use Steady – Past year use among 12th graders

Text description:

Past year use of illicit drugs among 12th graders remained steady.

Any illicit drugs 38%

Illicit drugs not including marijuana 11.5%

Bar graph: Past Year Use of Illicit Drugs – Past year use among 12th graders

Text description:

Marijuana: 35.7%
LSD: 3.6%
Synthetic Cannabinoids: 3.3%
Cocaine: 2.2%
MDMA: 2.2%
Heroin: 0.4%

Figure 2: Daily Marijuana Use in Lower Grades Increases But Past Year Marijuana Use Steady

Line graph: Daily Marijuana Use – sees significant increase among 8th and 10th graders since 2018

Text description:

2018 Daily Marijuana Use

  • 8th grade: 0.7%
  • 10th grade: 3.4%
  • 12th grade: 5.8%

2019 Daily Marijuana Use

  • 8th grade: 1.3%
  • 10th grade: 4.8%
  • 12th grade: 6.4%

Line graph: Past year marijuana use – gap closing between older grades

Text description:

  • 8th grade: 11.8%
  • 10th grade: 28.8%
  • 12th grade: 35.7%

Figure 3: Prescription drug misuse continues decline from peak years

Line graph: Vicodin® – Past Year Misuse

Text description:

Peak Years
8th grade: 3.0% (2006)
10th grade: 8.1% (2009)
12th grade: 10.5% (2003)

2019
8th grade: 0.9%
10th grade: 1.1%
12th grade: 1.1%

Line graph: Oxycontin ® – Past Year Misuse

Text description:

Peak Years
8th grade:  2.6% (2006)
10th grade:  5.1% (2009)
12th grade:  5.5% (2005)

2019
8th grade: 1.2%
10th grade: 2.0%
12th grade: 1.7%

Figure 4: Adderall® misuse sees significant changes in past 5 years – a decrease in 10th and 12 grades, but an increase in 8th grade

Line graph

Text description:

2014
8th grade           1.3%
10th grade         4.6%
12th grade         6.8%

2019
8th grade           2.5%
10th grade         3.1%
12th grade         3.9%

Figure 5: Alcohol Use Continues to Decline

Bar graph: Significant Long-Term Decrease in All Grades – Significant Long-Term Decrease in All Grades

Text description:

2019
8th grade: 19.3%
10th grade: 37.7%
12th grade: 52.1%

Line graph: Binge Drinking* – Significant Long-Term Decrease in All Grades

Text description:

2019
8th grade:  3.8%
10th grade: 8.5%
12th grade: 14.4%

*5 or more drinks in a row in the past two weeks

Figure 6: Tobacco and Nicotine: Vaping Threatens Progress

Line graph: Nicotine – Daily Use

Text description:

Daily Smoking
8th grade: 0.8%
10th grade: 1.3%
12th grade: 2.4%*

*Significant decline from 2018 (3.6%)

Daily Nicotine Vaping
8th grade: 1.9%
10th grade: 6.9%
12th grade: 11.7%

Bar graph: Cigarette Smoking (Past Month) – Declines Over Past Ten Years

Text description:

8th grade: 2.3%
10th grade: 3.4%
12th grade: 5.7%*

*Significant decline from 2018 (7.6%)

Figure 7: Teen Vaping Climbs Significantly* – Both Nicotine and Marijuana (THC)

Bar graph: Daily Nicotine Vaping – Measured for the first time in 2019.

Text description:

8th grade: 1.9%
10th grade: 6.9%
12th grade: 11.7%

Line graph: Nicotine Vaping – Past Month Use

Text description:

8th grade: 9.6%
10th grade: 19.9%
12th grade: 25.5%

2019 Past month nicotine vaping equates to: 1 in 4 – 12th graders, 1 in 5 – 10th graders, and 1 in 10 – 8th graders.

Figure 8

Line graph: Teen Vaping of Marijuana (THC) – Past Month Use

Text description:

8th grade: 3.9%
10th grade: 12.6%
12th grade: 14%

The number of seniors who reported vaping marijuana during the past month increased from 7.5% in 2018 to 14% in 2019. This is the second largest one-year jump for any substance in the 45-year survey history, behind past month nicotine vaping (2017 to 2018).

Bar graph: Daily THC Vaping – Measured or the First Time in 2019

Text description: 

8th grade: 0.8%
10th grade: 3.0%
12th grade:  3.5%

*2018 – 2019 increase in past month THC vaping among 12th graders is the second largest one-year jump ever tracked for any substance in the 45-year survey history. (Nicotine vaping was the largest from 2017 – 2018).

Figure 9: Teens Report Reasons for Vaping

Bar graph

Text description:

When asked why they vape, many teens said:

  • to experiment (60.9%)
  • because it tastes good (41.7%)
  • to have a good time with friends (37.9%)
  • to relax and relieve tension (37.4%) – representing an increase of nearly one-third since 2018
  • to feel good or get high (29.0%)
  • boredom (28.7%)
  • it looks cool (15.2%)
  • because they’re “hooked” (8.1%) which doubled from 2018 (3.6%)
  • to help quit regular cigarettes (6.1%)
  • regular cigarette use is not permitted (3.3%)

Department of Health and Services logo — National Institute on Drug Abuse logo

For more information, please visit: drugabuse.gov/mtf

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