2015 IQ Challenge: Scientist Answers

Video Length: 4:49
Transcript: 

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is B.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

Drugs are difficult to quit because they release a chemical dopamine in brain reward regions activating them and the activation leads us to want to take more and more drugs. Unfortunately, with repeated drug use, the system becomes much less sensitive to the normal rewarding effects of other stimuli and you need to take drugs in order to activate them.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A.

[Wilson Compton is speaking]

True. It’s surprises people, but about one in eleven people who that use marijuana will become addicted to it. This number increases in those who start early in youth--_so teenagers are more susceptible to addiction, and those that use heavily are, of course, more likely to become addicted

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D.

[Michele Rankin is speaking]

The correct answer is 35 million people. The truth is most people who do smoke want to quit, but those who try to quit on their own start smoking again—often within a week.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is E.

[Cheryl Boyce is speaking]

People who inhale permanent markers or household products to get “high” can actually be damaging their brain and

body, and in rare cases, can die quickly.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is E.

[Dave Thomas is speaking]

Narcotic pain relievers can be important tools in helping people who have serious pain like after breaking a leg. However if not used as prescribed, or just to get “high,” people can get addicted to them

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Eric Wargo is speaking]

“Spice” and “K2” are names for herbal products that have been sprayed with chemicals related to the chemicals in marijuana (cannabis), and sometimes sold as substitutes for marijuana. In fact, sometimes they are referred to as ‘fake weed’ or ‘fake marijuana.’  But actually the artificial chemicals in these products can be way stronger than marijuana and lots of people end up in the emergency room after using these drugs, many young people have actually died. This is bad news.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is E.

[Wilson Compton is speaking]

None of the above. It turns out we know very little about the impact of E-cigarettes. We do know that nicotine is not safe. Nicotine is addictive, habit-forming and may impact brain development, particularly for teenagers that use these E-cigarette products. They are not safe for teenagers to use.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A., C. and E.

[Marsha Lopez is speaking]

Some of the most dangerous consequences of steroid abuse include kidney impairment or failure, damage to the liver, heart problems, high blood pressure, and changes in blood cholesterol leading to an increased risk of stroke and heart attack (even in young people).

 

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D.

 

[Matthew Finger is speaking]

The teenage brain is still developing, and smoking a psychoactive drug can affect that development. In fact, research even shows that if you smoke marijuana a lot as a teenager, it can lower your IQ. It is also found in the bloodstream of about 14 percent of people who die in car crashes, along with alcohol and other drugs.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Geetha Subramaniam is speaking]

“Bath salts” are a new family of drugs and they containing one or more chemicals that are man-made synthetic, which related to cathinone. And cathinone is found naturally in a plant called khat. And the consumption of Bath Salts are dangerous, patients can have hallucinations, delusions and sometimes, even death.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Michele Rankin is speaking]

The human brain is the most complex organ in the body. This 3-pound mass of white and gray matter sits at the center of all human activity.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Susan Weiss is speaking]

The correct answer is the amygdala, which is the part of the brain that’s important for emotional learning. When somebody is addicted to drugs and they see a cue or a reminder of their drug taking, the amygdala becomes activated and they crave the drug.