Drug testing in schools

Some schools have adopted a random student drug testing policy hoping it will: (1) serve as a deterrent and give students a reason to resist peer pressure to take drugs; (2) identify teens who have started using drugs so that parents and counselors can intervene early; and (3) identify teens who already have drug problems, so they can be referred for treatment. It is typically not intended to be punitive, but rather to prevent drug use or promote early intervention. However, there is not enough research in this area to show whether random drug testing is an effective approach.  The Supreme Court has ruled drug testing is legal for any students participating in extracurricular activities.