Note: We published an updated version of this post in 2015. Read the updated version here.
More and more young people are using heroin these days, and sometimes they start using it because they’ve gotten addicted to prescription painkillers.
One study showed that people who abuse painkillers like OxyContin are 19 times more likely to start using heroin. The study also found that 8 out of 10 people who started using heroin abused painkillers first.
Killing More Than Just Pain
Heroin and painkillers belong to the same class of drugs: opioids. Opioids attach to specific molecules called opioid receptors, which are found on nerve cells in the brain, spinal cord, intestines, and other organs. When painkillers or heroin attach to these receptors, they can decrease the feeling of pain. Opioids can also cause a person to feel relaxed and happy, which can lead some people to abuse the drugs.
Opioids have many negative effects. Painkillers and heroin can cause sleepiness, constipation, and, depending on the amount taken, affect a person's ability to breathe properly. In fact, taking just one large dose of painkillers or heroin could cause a person’s breathing to stop, sometimes killing them.
Why do people switch from painkillers to heroin? In an effort to cut down on painkiller abuse, changes have been made to laws and prescription drug tracking systems. Because it’s getting harder to get painkillers, people may turn to heroin because it is cheaper and easier to get.
The Danger in Abusing Painkillers or Heroin
Not everyone who abuses painkillers starts using heroin, but even painkiller abuse alone can hurt you. Opioid drugs of all kinds can be very addictive. Addiction is a disease where you feel like you need to use a drug even if that drug is hurting you and messing up your life. Addiction is caused by chemical changes in the brain after drug use.
When someone is addicted to painkillers or heroin, it is very difficult for them to stop using the drug. People trying to stop using opioids after they are addicted may have withdrawal. Some of the effects of opioid withdrawal are restlessness, muscle and bone pain, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goosebumps, and uncontrollable leg movements.
Did you know abusing painkillers was so dangerous and could lead to using heroin? Tell us in comments.