English IQ Challenge 2018

Video Length: 6:39
Transcript: 

1

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A.

[Wilson Compton is speaking]

Dabbing refers to smoking a very potent extract of the marijuana plant. What this means is that the people will use powerful chemicals, and sometimes very flammable chemicals like butane to extract THC and other chemicals from the marijuana plant. When extracted they can be extremely potent and so the effects on the body and on the brain, can be extraordinary.

2

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Emily Jones is speaking]

Correct. Cocaine use can increase your chances of getting HIV. This is because different changes in the body are caused by cocaine use including the suppression of your immune system, which makes it easier for the HIV virus to replicate. Also, for people who already have HIV, using cocaine can make it easier for you to get hepatitis C, which is a dangerous virus that can cause liver damage. Check out more information about the health effects of cocaine at our website at drugabuse.gov.

3

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D.

[George Koob is speaking]

Alcohol overdose occurs when there is so much alcohol in the bloodstream that areas of the brain controlling basic life-support functions, such as breathing, heart rate, and temperature control, begin to shut down. Symptoms of alcohol overdose include confusion; difficulty remaining conscious; vomiting; seizures; trouble breathing; slow heart rate; clammy skin; dulled responses, such as no gag reflex (which actually prevents choking); and extremely low body temperature. If you suspect someone is experiencing an alcohol overdose, get medical help immediately.

4

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is E.

[Bethany Deeds is speaking]

E-cigarette use exposes the lungs to harmful chemicals. A recent study of e-products has shown that the vapor contains known carcinogens. Additionally, there are potentially toxic metal nanoparticles in the device, itself.

5

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Jinhee Lee is speaking]

Nearly 23,000 individuals in the United States died of opioid pain reliever overdose death in 2015. What we also know is that most people are these prescription drugs from family and friends. So, it’s important that you only take medications that are prescribed for you and do not share the medications with other people.

 6

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is B.

[George Koob is speaking]

Research shows that young people’s brains keep developing well into their 20s. Alcohol can alter this development, potentially affecting both the brain’s structure and its function, that means how well it processes information. This can cause cognitive or learning problems later in life. This is especially a risk when people start drinking young and drinking heavily.

 7

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is E.

[Jack Stein is speaking]

You get it right? All of those drugs are synthetics and illegally made in laboratories. We are particularly concerned about fentanyl, which is a dangerous opioid that is often mixed in with drugs that people take throughout our county…responsible for many of the overdose deaths that you are probably hearing about. Fentanyl is 50-100 more dangerous than morphine. For more information about drugs check out drug abuse dot g-o-v.

8

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is False.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

Contrary to what is believed, only 45 percent of high school students have tried marijuana in their lifetime. Which means that the majority have not. 36 percent have said they have consumed it in the past year and 6 percent say that they consume it regularly. So the majority of teenagers have not been exposed to marijuana when they finish high school.

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A.

[George Koob is speaking]

A is the correct answer. In the short-term, a young person who drinks may have decreased motor coordination and make poor, and often risky, decisions, resulting in tragic consequences such as injuries, violence, or death. It also slows down a person’s ability to recognize and respond to potential danger. Alcohol can also have long-term effects that are permanent.

10 

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D. 

[Ruben Baler is speaking]

Indeed, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health in approximately 12 million individuals ages 16 and older have driven under the influence of illicit drugs in 2016. If we look at just the population that matters to you, that is teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19, those who can drive, the number is approximately 1.5 million of American teenagers have driven under the influence of an illicit drug.

11

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

Stimulant medication used for ADHD, activate the dopamine and norepinephrine systems. And these systems are important for number one, alertness and number two, to ensure you can sustain attention. These systems, norepinephrine also is important for regulating your heart rate and blood pressure and dopamine is also important for motivating your actions.

12

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

This is a landmark study where we are going to be monitoring 10,000 children as they transition from nine and at least to age 19, to look at how their brain develops and how that development is associated with their behavior. And very importantly, how the use of drugs during the teenage years, when your brain is developing so rapidly, can be affected by drugs. Then, in turn, how that affects your school performance. So, this will be the largest study of its kind, that will hopefully help us understand many of the myths, actually where the reality lies regarding the effects of drugs in the brain of teenagers.