2017 IQ Challenge: Scientist Answers

Video Length: 5:38
Transcript: 

1

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is B.

[Wilson Compton is speaking]

More kids are no using e-cigarettes than regular “smoked” cigarettes. In fact, starting with e-cigarettes can be dangerous, because something like 31 percent of kids that start with e-cigarettes will convert to regular cigarettes.

 

2

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

THC is the active ingredient in marijuana and the reason why people smoke it. The amount of THC in marijuana has increased significantly over the past 15 years. As a result of that, we have a product that is much more addictive and it is also associated with the likelihood of adverse medical consequences.

 

3

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is B and D.

[John Satterlee is speaking]

Most inhalants depress the central nervous system in ways similar to alcohol, which can lead to for example, lack of coordination or slurred speech. In fact if you use inhalants chronically,  this can lead to nerve damage such as those found in some neurological diseases.

 

4

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A.

[George Koob is speaking]

Very few kids ages 12 to 17—about 1 out of10—drank alcohol in the past month. So MOST—about 9 out of 10 kids—did not. 

 

5

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D.

[Jack Stein is speaking]

You’re right! About 19, 000 people died of a prescription pain reliever overdose in 2014, that is 3 times the number from 2001. For more information, check out our NIDA for Teens website.

 

 6

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Emily Einstein is speaking]

K2 is a synthetic cannabinoid, which is a class of drugs that can be sprayed on plant material be be smoked or sold in liquid form so it can be use with an e-cigarette and vaporizer. Since these drugs act on the same receptors in the brain as marijuana, they are sometimes referred to as “fake weed,” but they act on the brain in a different way and more strongly, so they can be more dangerous. To find out more about synthetic cannabinoids, visit the NIDA website.

 

 

 

 7

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A and C.

[George Koob is speaking]

Research shows that young people’s brains keep developing well into their twenties. Alcohol can alter this development, potentially affecting both the brain’s structure and its function, meaning how well it processes information. This may cause cognitive or learning problems and/or make the brain more prone to alcohol dependence. This is especially a risk when people start drinking young and drink heavily. In the short term, when a person becomes intoxicated or drunk, they may make poor decisions that result in tragic consequences 

 

 

8

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is B.

[Vani Pariyadath is speaking]

Dissociative drugs cause the user to feel out of control, or feel disconnected with their environment. They have short-term, or immediate effects on your mood and perception, but they also have long-term effects on mental health, on respiration, and many other behavioral and health outcomes. If you would like to learn more about dissociative drugs, please go to our website.

 

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is C.

[Kevin Walton is speaking]

Harmful effects of smoking go well beyond those who are smoking themselves. Unfortunately, about 88 million Americans are exposed every year to second hand smoke. About 41, 000 people die every year due to diseases related to second hand smoke exposure. That’s about 10 percent of the entire population who the US, who die every year due to diseases related to smoking.

 

10 

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D. 

[Katia Howlett is speaking]

Alcohol overdose occurs when there is so much alcohol in the bloodstream, portions of the brain that control basic life functions begin to shut down. Alcohol overdose symptoms include confusion, difficulty breathing, vomiting, low body temperature, no gag reflex. All of these things support a person’s basic functions. If you feel someone is going through alcohol overdose, seek medical help immediately.

 

 

11

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is D.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

Marijuana produces an impairment of memory and learning, because it’s active ingredient, THC binds to receptors in very high concentrations in the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the structure in the brain that is need for us to learn things. That’s the reason why when someone is intoxicated or “high,” they can actually not remember properly the things the things that happen to them.

 

12

[Female announcer speaking]

The answer is A.

[Nora Volkow is speaking]

Methamphetamine is not only a very addictive drug, it is also quite toxic and it produces massive inflammation in the brain. This is what leads to the activation of the microglia, which are the cells in our brain that normally protect us against infection, or foreign objects. In the process, it actually produces further damage.