NIDA for Teens: The Science Behind Drug Abuse
Find NIDA for Teens on: NIDAnews on Twitter NIDANIH on YouTube Facebook NIDA-NIH on Flickr Sara Bellum Blog RSS

Transcript

Download Full Year

can u get addictive to pain killers, if u take one like every day nd yout love it so much you cant stop taking it can u die?? thanks, Awoods:)

-Awoods, Texas

Ouch! Who would want to do that? Yes you could die if you do that! You might feel a 'high' but then you have to take more and more just to get the same high and then your whole life is dominated by running around trying to find enough drugs---what a mess! And then you take too many pills because you are desperate for the high and then you overdose. Did you know that more people die every year from painkiller overdoses than from heroin and cocaine combined? Painkiller abuse is no joke.

-Carol Krause

Can you become blind or deaf with an overdose of drugs?

-fc bobcats, Texas

Overdoses of drugs taken to get 'high' don't cause blindness or deafness, but more typically produce death by supppressing breathing, or by causing heart attacks or stroke. Some medications that are used to treat diseases can produce hearing and vision impairments, but physicians are trained to manage those risks.

-Steve Grant

Can you die after one time of smoking

-molly22, Iowa

Yes, heroin can make you pass out, plus it suppresses the breathing reflex, and also can cause nausea and vomiting. If you have never taken heroin before you are particular at risk for taking to much which can cause serious problems, including death. Your brain will be very sensitive to the effects of heroin and you can pass out, stop breathing, and even choke on your own vomit. This is the way a lot of celebraties have died

-Steve Grant

Can you die after one time of smoking heroin?

-molly22, Iowa

Yes, heroin can make you pass out, plus it suppresses the breathing reflex, and also can cause nausea and vomiting. If you have never taken heroin before you are particular at risk for taking to much which can cause serious problems, including death. Your brain will be very sensitive to the effects of heroin and you can pass out, stop breathing, and even choke on your own vomit. This is the way a lot of celebraties have died.

-Steve Grant

Can you die if you smoke

-1234, Iowa

It is unhealthy to smoke marijuana, and the more you smoke the more unhealthy it is. The smoke in


marijuana


has many of the same chemicals present in





smoke. In terms of composition it is comparably dangerous and hazardous to your respiratory health

-Dave Thomas

Can you die insanly with heroin?

-J Nguyen, Texas

You can definitely die from heroin if you take a high dose. For more information on heroin, go here: www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/heroin.html.

-Joni Rutter

Can you die of an overdose ?

-andrea, Maryland

Absolutely. The term 'overdose' typically is used to describe a situation where a person has a severe negative reaction to taking a drug of abuse. Death is one such negative reaction. A very severe one.

-Dave Thomas

Can you drink ethyl

-¥, Massachusetts

Technically, you can consume ethyl alcohol straight, but its very high concentration of alcohol would likely hurt your mouth a lot. Ethyl alcohol is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. A typical beer contains around 5% alcohol, while liquor contains around 40%. There are forms of distilled spirits that contain as much as 95% alcohol. Drinking it straight is not a great idea

-Aaron White

can drinking a lot of alcohol put in a comma

-jcarson, Illinois

Yes, it certainly can. Alcohol has powerful effects on the brain and dramatically slows brain functioning. If you drink enough alcohol, your brain can shut down as a result, sending you into a deep, coma-like state. Alcohol can also shut off vital centers in the brain we need to keep us alive, and even cause death.

-Aaron White

can marihuana kill you ?

-jamie22, Ohio

Marijuana overdose is really unlikely--you're more likely to fall asleep before you can ingest enough marijuana. However, marijuana contributes to lethality in other ways--including car crashes--approximately 14% of people in fatal crashes test positive for marijuana (sometimes in combination with other drugs). In particular, marijuana and alcohol together are worse than either one alone with respect to auto accidents! And MJ can be addicting--about 9% of users, 1 in 6 of those who start young, and 25-50% of daily users become addicted. Smoking marjuana can also increase a person's risk of developing respiratory infections, chronic coughing and more. Want more information about marijuana? Click on: http://www.nida.nih.gov/DrugPages/Marijuana.html

-David Shurtleff

Can you get cancer from drug usage?

-fluffy779, Iowa

Yes, you can. Cigarettes, marijuana and alcohol can all increase one's chances of getting cancer. In fact, even being around people who smoke can increase your chances of getting lung cancer. In the US, second hand smoke contributes to about 3000 cases of lung cancer each year.

-Dave Thomas

can you get drunk on this new mix called jenkem?

-urmom, Michigan

Fortunately, 'jenkem' does not appear to be a real drug and was a hoax that circulated a few years ago. It was supposed to be a hallucinogen made from fermented human waste. Not real, though! Gross!!!!

-Aaron White

can you grind up

-rileymcd, Minnesota

why would you want to? that can only be bad

-Susan Weiss

Can you hurt your body by taking aderol?

-spunky12, Maryland

Adderall is a stimulant often prescribed for ADHD. It can be very helpful for kids who have been diagnosed with attention issues in school. Because it is a stimulant, it can sometimes cause a 'buzz' and some kids think it can make you alert or get you 'high.' However, like all prescription medications, you should only take Adderall if a doctor prescribes it for you. Only a doctor knows how much your body can tolerate and what is safe for you. Thanks for asking such a smart question!

-Carol Krause

can you put heroin in peaches

-doug r, Ohio

Hmm. Well, you can probably put many things in peaches, including cinnamon and sugar, or even chicken soup...but why would you want to? As far as heroin is concerned, it would be ineffective if you eat it.

-Nancy Pilotte

can you stop doing drugs without help from family friends, or doctors?

-chenoahsmall, Vermont

Some people quit using drugs without treatment - but I'm not sure they are able to do it successfully without the help from family or friends. For a person addicted to drugs it is extremely difficult to quit. Research indicates that the support of family, friends, and treatment are extremely important. Here is a website about treatment approaches: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/InfoFacts/IF_Treatment_Approaches_2009_to_NIDA_92209.pdf. Another helpful website is: http://teens.drugabuse.gov/peerx/. For more information on drug treatment see: http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/.

-Redonna Chandler

could a baby in the womb get high by their mother smoking

-wramirez, Illinois

Hey Golder College Prep HS. You've asked a really interesting question, one for which we do not have an answer. We do not know if a baby in the womb gets high when the mom smokes marijuana, but we do know that the active ingredient in marijuana do get into the baby's brain where it can affect the baby and later during childhood and longer. Illegal drugs used during pregnancy, such as
cocaineand marijuana, have been associated with a variety of adverse effects, though more research is needed to draw causal connections. Effects may be subtle and generally range from low birth weight to developmental deficits affecting behavior and cognition. For example, impaired attention, language, and learning skills, as well as behavioral problems, have been seen in children exposed to cocaine and marijuana, all of which can affect success in school. So, although we do not know whether a baby gets high when the mom uses illegal drugs during pregnancy and when she smokes during pregancy, the baby is at risk for unwanted outcomes during development. Here's a link that talks about risks of prenatal drug exposure:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/tib/prenatal.html

-Cora Lee Wetherington

are all drugs additive

-natalie14, Ohio

Yes, they all are. The timing changes from person to person, but all of them are equally dangerous and can lead to addiction. Read our colorful Science of Addiction booklet to learn more: http://www.drugabuse.gov/ScienceofAddiction/

-Anto Bonci

Are amphetamines addictive?

-cohen, Vermont

Hi Middlebury!Yep! Amphetamines, like most other drugs of abuse increases the brain chemical dopamine, leading to high levels of the chemical in the brain. Dopamine is involved in reward, motivation, the experience of pleasure, and motor function. Amphetamine’s ability to release dopamine rapidly in reward regions of the brain produces the intense euphoria, or “rush,” that many users feel taking the drug. And with repeated use the brain can 'crave' the drug leading to compulsive drug use- addiction!-yikes! Learn more about amphetamines by clicking here: http://www.teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_stim1.php, http://www.nida.nih.gov/DrugPages/Methamphetamine.html

-David Shurtleff

Are crack and

-awesomedude99, Maryland

Hello awesome dude. Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug. The powdered hydrochloride salt form of cocaine can be snorted or dissolved in water and then injected. Crack is the street name given to the form of cocaine that has been processed to make a rock crystal, which, when heated, produces vapors that are smoked. The term “crack” refers to the crackling sound produced by the rock as it is heated. Basically it can be considered the same thing. If you stay away from it you will remain an awesome dude. Check out teens.drugabuse.gov

-Carol Krause

are drugs illegal?

-catch22, Maryland

Hi catch22---Some are and some aren't. Drugs like heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine and marijuana are generally illegal. Prescription drugs are legal if prescribed by a doctor, but it is illegal to abuse them---taking them without a proper prescription. Some states allow marijuana to be taken for symptom relief when recommended by a doctor, but the federal government has not approved it as a safe medication. Confused? It is important to know that when there are drugs, there are often legal consequences. Anywhere from 50-70% of people in our country' prisons and jails can benefit from some sort of drug treatment. They are often in prison for selling drugs, stealing things to get money to pay for drugs, or being violent and commiting crimes while high on drugs.

-Carol Krause

Are more teens likely to take drugs if there parents are telling them constantly not to take drugs or are they more likely to take drugs if there parents don't bring it up?

-Bethanne C, Iowa

Howdie Bethanne--thanks for submitting a terrific question.Parents can have a tremendous positive influence on teens’ decisions to not drink and use drugs by communicating risks of drugs/alcohol, role-playing how to avoid peer pressure, encouraging their children to participate in extra-curriular acivities, etc. It isn't always easy to talk about serious subjects, so sometimes parents and kids might be uncomfortable. It helps to get the facts and we have great resources online. Go to www.teens.drugabuse.gov for science-based information that parents can share too. There are teacher and parent resources on our main website as well: http://www.drugabuse.gov/parent-teacher.html

-Bethany Deeds

are only some drugs addictive?

-mhernandez, Texas

Addiction is when someone uses a drug compulsively despite knowing that it is harming them or their quality of life. All abused drugs can produce this effect in some people. Of course, many medications, such as aspirin, antibiotics that you take for a fever, or asthma medications are not addictive.

-Dave Thomas

Are there any physical or mental effects that inhalants have on your body? And if so, what are they?

-briannaf, Pennsylvania

There sure are! Some people die after a single use of inhalants, because the effects are so rapid and there is no antidote other than oxygen. The lungs rapidly absorb inhaled chemicals into the bloodstream, quickly spreading them throughout the body, including the brain. Within minutes of inhalation, users can feel a 'buzz' or 'high.' The effects are similar to those produced by alcohol and may include slurred speech, lack of coordination, euphoria, and dizziness. Inhalant users may also experience lightheadedness, hallucinations, and delusions. The high usually lasts only a few minutes. But with repeated inhalations, many users feel less inhibited and less in control. Some may feel drowsy for several hours and experience a lingering headache. The most important effects occur in your brain. Inhalants often contain more than one chemical. Some chemicals leave the body quickly, but others can remain for a long time, because they stick to fatty tissues in the brain and central nervous system. One of these fatty tissues is myelin, a protective cover that surrounds many of the body's nerve fibers (axons). Myelin helps nerve fibers carry their electric messages to and from the brain. Damage to myelin can slow down communication between nerve fibers. Long-term inhalant use can break down myelin. When this happens, nerve cells are not able to transmit messages as efficiently, which can result in muscle spasms and tremors or even permanent difficulty with basic actions like walking, bending, and talking. These effects are similar to what happens to patients with multiple sclerosis--a disease that also affects myelin. Check out our teen site at http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_inhale1.php for more information.

-Nancy Pilotte

Are there any specific social groups associated with certain drugs?

-jeffreyk, Pennsylvania

Hi, jeffreyk, that's a complicated question to answer. If by social groups you mean certain ethnic or gender groups you can find out all sorts of information from the University of Michigan's annual Monitoring the Future Study (look at Appendix D), which has specific drug information for 8th, 10th, and 12th graders broken down by gender, race/ethnicity, and parental education among others. If you mean social groups like boy scouts or kickball leagues, sorry I can't help you.

-Marsha Lopez

are there natural highs?

-adison_s, Pennsylvania

Absolutely, and that's why it is so silly to seek artifical ones that can and do harm your brain and overall health.The active ingredient in any basic receipe for a natural high is this (are you ready?): find out what you are really passionate about (whatever it is, except drugs, of course), nurture that passion and then follow it to wherever it takes you. It works every time, and you will never regret it.

-Ruben Baler

are you more likely to do drugs if you go to public school or are home schooled but do a lot of outside activities?

-isheahan, New Hampshire

This is a little complicated. I don't think that we have research to answer this question one way or the other. You could speculate that a person in a regular school setting may be exposed to more opportunities for getting pressured by peers to use drugs or to have access to drugs than a person in a home school setting where a parent is present throughout the day. But there are a lot of adults monitoring what goes on during the school day and parents are often monitoring after school so it could go either way.

-Belinda Sims

are you most likely to get a disease(cancer and other things) if you start to drink at a young age , lets say 13 or 14?

-acastro, Texas

That's a tough one and we really don't know the answer yet. However, we do know that heavy drinking during the adult years increases the chances of getting cancers of various types, particularly for women, and that starting to drink at a young age, like 13 or 14, is associated with a much higher risk of drinking heavily during the adult years. So, if you look at it this way, getting started young could indirectly increase your odds of developing cancer at some point in life.

-Aaron White

As a health teacher. What things do you feel are the most important to address with the middle school aged students to help them learn to make informed decisions about not using drugs?

-rbartlett, New Hampshire

Hello. Thanks for this very good question. It is important to make sure that youth receive information that is developmentally appropriate. It is important for youth to know that drug use is not the norm (everyone is NOT doing it). It is important for youth to know the effects of drugs on the brain and body and how drugs effect their decisions and behaviors. It is important for youth to acquire skills to be able to make good healthy decisions about drug use and other risk behaviors (e.g., communication, decision making and drug refusal skills). Following are some key principles for prevention programs in schools: Programs should focus on children’s social and academic skills, including enhancing peer relationships, self-control, coping, and drug-refusal skills. If possible, school-based prevention programs should be integrated into the school’s academic program, because school failure is strongly associated with drug abuse. Integrated programs strengthen students’ bonding to school and reduce their likelihood of dropping out. Other types of interventions include school-wide programs that affect the school environment as a whole. All of these activities can serve to strengthen protective factors against drug abuse. (See examples of school-based programs in Examples of Research-Based Drug Abuse Prevention Programs.)For information on priniciples of prevention in Drug Abuse Prevention Programs, see: http://www.drugabuse.gov/prevention/applying.html. In addition, a fun curriculum for teachers to use with middle school students can be found here: http://www.drugabuse.gov/brain-power. Other information for teachers generally may be found here: http://www.drugabuse.gov/parent-teacher.html

-Jacqueline Lloyd

can 1 beer decrease your smartness

-ZaCh!, Ohio

It is possible that it could for at least a few minutes. In some lab tests, we have detected memory and other impairments in people who have very low blood alcohol concentrations - maybe the result of just one beer.

-Aaron White