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Lessons and Quizzes by Drug

Lessons and Quizzes: Stimulants

Classroom Activities: Stimulants

Student Activity

Drug abusers take stimulants to get a rush of intense feelings they call a “high.” But stimulants do more than affect a person’s mood. As with all drugs of abuse, they also act on many parts of the body and brain—and can do damage.

Doctors in hospital emergency rooms see these effects when people who overdose on drugs are rushed in for medical treatment.

One doctor needs help writing the final copy of his report on a patient who came to the emergency room. The doctor’s diagnosis: stimulant abuse. Help him by providing the correct adjectives. Choose from the list below.

Diagnosis: Danger!

Patient X appeared in the emergency room at 10 p.m. complaining of chest pains, anxiety, and twitching muscles. Upon examination, the patient had a ________ pulse rate, meaning that his heart was beating abnormally _______. The patient’s heart rhythm was not steady; it was _________. The patient’s blood pressure was also ______ normal. He complained that it was _______ to breathe deeply. We are concerned that the patient’s blood vessels are constricted or ____________. These conditions could lead to a heart attack.

The nurses found the patient to be abnormally afraid or ____________. He seemed restless and complained about little things; he was _____________. The patient kept saying he heard strange sounds but the staff heard nothing; we concluded that they were ______________.

Finally, the patient admitted that he had abused methamphetamine, a _________ drug. He says he was craving more. We admitted him overnight for observation. He will start treatment for ______ addiction tomorrow.

paranoid
hallucinations
stimulant
high
above
drug
fast
narrowed
hard
irregular
irritable

Answer Key:

These answers are in the correct order.

high
fast
irregular
above
hard
narrowed
paranoid
irritable
hallucinations
stimulant
drug

Test Your Knowledge Activity: Stimulants

Speeding lights

Question 1

There are lots of different kinds of stimulants. What of the following is NOT a stimulant?

Nope… Caffeine, which is found in coffee and many soft drinks, is a mild stimulant.

Correct! Heroin is not a stimulant. In fact, it causes a person to feel sleepy, which is the opposite of stimulants.

Almost! Methamphetamine is a powerful and addictive stimulant. It can cause long-term damage to the brain.

Nope, Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that changes the functioning of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain.

Question 2

Cocaine can damage the heart by causing:

Uh Uh! Heartburn has nothing to do with the heart. It's actually a problem with the stomach that is caused by excess acid.

Correct! Cocaine can cause blood vessels to narrow, which causes the heart to beat faster. Fibrillation is when it beats so fast that it loses its natural rhythm.

No! Cocaine actually causes the heart to beat faster.

No. Cocaine reduces the amount of oxygen that gets to the heart by reducing blood flow to the heart. Remember, blood carries oxygen.

Question 3

Scientists are using cloning to learn more about how cocaine acts in the brain. What is a clone?

Yes! By copying a gene, scientists can study how that gene works which may help them in developing treatments for a lot of things, including drug addiction.

Try Again! Although the famous sheep Dolly was an identical clone of another sheep, most baby sheep are not clones.

No. Scientists can use cloning to understand how the brain works, but there is no part of the brain that is a clone.

No, Your probably thinking of a clown.

Question 4

Which of the following is the part of the brain that controls feelings of pleasure?

Yes! Dopamine is a brain chemical, classified as a neurotransmitter, found in regions of the brain that regulate movement, emotion, motivation, and pleasure.

No, Dendrites are a part of a neuron that receives messages from another neuron.

No. Scientists can use cloning to understand how the brain works, but there is no part of the brain that is a clone.

Good Going!