NIDA for Teens: The Science Behind Drug Abuse
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How Many Teens Actually Smoke, Drink, or Do Drugs?

Sara Bellum
January 05, 2012

How Many Teens Actually Smoke, Drink, or Do Drugs?

It’s natural to be curious about your peers—especially when it comes to things that we know can be dangerous, like alcohol and drug use. You’ve probably heard rumors of kids drinking beer at a party or may have a friend who smokes cigarettes.

You may wonder how many teens actually smoke, drink, or do drugs. It’s a question we hear frequently from teens. During NIDA’s 2011 Drug Facts Chat Day, students from the around the country asked NIDA scientists questions such as:

  • “How many teens smoke every year?”
  • “Has the number of people who abuse drugs increased or decreased in the past 5 years? And why?”
  • “What percent of teens has tried drugs?”
  • “How many kids are doing drugs?”

In December 2011, NIDA released the 2011 Monitoring the Future Study, and it seems that more teens are making better decisions when it comes to smoking and alcohol use, but not so much when it comes to using marijuana and abusing prescription drugs.

Here’s a glimpse at the most recent trends in teen drug and alcohol use.

Cigarette and Alcohol Use at Historic Low

Teen smoking has declined in all three grades included in the study—grades 8, 10, and 12. Still, almost 19 percent of 12th graders reported current (past-month) cigarette use.

This decline shows that more teens realize the harm smoking does to your body and are making the decision not to start. Also, teens’ attitudes about smoking have changed. They increasingly prefer to date nonsmokers and believe smoking to be a dirty habit.

Graph modeling cigarette and marijuana use in teens.

Likewise, among nearly all grades, trends over the past 5 years showed significant decreases in alcohol use—including first-time use, occasional use, daily use, and binge drinking. As with smoking, this decline may be the result of more teens understanding the risk of drinking alcohol and disapproving of this behavior.

Marijuana Use Continues To Rise

Unlike cigarettes and alcohol, marijuana use is increasing. Among 12th graders, 36.4 percent reported using marijuana at least once in the past year, up from 31.5 percent 5 years ago. This accompanies a decrease in the number of 12th graders who perceive that smoking marijuana is harmful. For example, only 22.7 percent of high school seniors saw great risk in smoking marijuana occasionally, compared to 25.9 percent 5 years ago.

Of course, we know the risks: marijuana can affect memory, judgment, and perception, and it can harm a teen’s developing brain.

Prescription Drug Abuse Remains Steady

Prescription drug abuse hasn’t changed much since 2010. Abuse of the opioid painkiller Vicodin and the nonmedical use of Adderall and Ritalin, stimulants meant to treat ADHD, remained about the same as last year. Also, the abuse of the opioid painkiller OxyContin remained steady for the past 5 years across all 3 grades surveyed.

To drive this trend downward, NIDA recently launched PEERx, a prescription drug abuse awareness campaign that gives teens science-based information about the harmful effects of prescription drug abuse on the brain and body.

When teens understand the health risks of abusing drugs, they do it less. So, tell us, how would you convince your peers that marijuana use and prescription drug abuse are harmful?

These estimates come from the Monitoring the Future Study's national surveys of approximately 47,000 students in about 400 secondary schools each year. The survey was conducted in classrooms earlier this year. View all of the 2011 data.

Comments

Advices coming from your parents are very important factor to avoid this kind of habit. It's always a matter of guidance and support from your family. We have to talk to our children and discuss these issues that they may encounter. Showing them how much you really care will really help them to have a better future.

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i think that its is bad for you and why would you what to do it in the first place.
Well I smoked weed for three years every day to escape my sh*ty life, And its not the worst thing you can do, there is ALLOT worst the pot. the worst part is you lose your drive to do anything and that's not really the drug, but the people that you hang out with that smoke that much.

i think its wrong to drink or do drugs.

Its not wrong its normal , everybody should try it and marijuana is a herb its medicine ! Use it but dont abuse it then it can be the best feeling on earth
ur crazy marijuana will make u stupider

its not goood and you can die very quickly from it, think before you do the actions your going to end up doing

that's only if u abuse it,im 13 and i drink and smoke yet i play sports, have good grades and still have too many friends to count

@haley So glad you are so involved in sports and school, and have many friends. At 13, it may seem like you are on top of the world. Unfortunately, smoking and drinking tend to have serious health effects over time. In thinking about continued success in school and in life, it's important to consider that your brain and body will continue to develop well into your 20s, and that cigarettes and alcohol can interfere with healthy development, learning and memory, and even how you relate to friends.

Check out some recent posts on SBB that you may find relevant:

Expectations and Alcohol: The Fun May Be in Your Head http://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/expectations-and-alcohol

Smoking: How It Primes the Brain for Addiction http://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/smoking-how-it-primes-brain-addiction

your friends and sports are not going to help you live
your friends and sports are not going to help you live
Yeah but if u want to get better at sports and school than drinking and smoking will make affect how u perform in sports and in school. Its not only if if u abuse it its even if u do it. So what your saying is not true at all.

This is a sad news. :( "To drive this trend downward, NIDA recently launched PEERx, a prescription drug abuse awareness campaign that gives teens science-based information about the harmful effects of prescription drug abuse on the brain and body." is a joke?

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@Catalina Sima No joke. Visit the PEERx site at http://teens.drugabuse.gov/peerx/prescription-drug-facts/ and discover for yourself.

i think this is a very good article and i think that the amount of teens that do smoke, drink, or do drugs has increased. you hear kids walking through the hall way talking about the party or how they dont remember what happened because they were to wasted or high to remember. in my opinion all three of those things are very bad for you.

Smoking is definitely a dirty habbit, it is wonder why people actually take this habbit in the first place and the rise in marjiuana usage is undescribable

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smoking is not good for the human body.

Smoking is a bad habit and when teens got that habit it becomes worst for them. Save your teen from smoking because this is an addiction which can cause even death. [commercial link removed, per guidelines]

Drags addiction is one of the social problem nowadays . I think it is same as to kill him\her by him\her self.I suggest all classes people to avoid this bad habit.

False

marijuana isn't bad.
take a look at the facts:
Annual deaths from:
Tobacco: 435,000.
poor diet/exercise: 365,000
alcohol: 85,000
prescription drugs: 32,000
vehicle crashes: 26,347
homicide: 20,308
aspirin: 7,600
peanuts: 10.
marijuana: 0.
it's safer than peanuts!

As for it making your brain slow and killing brain cells, when I smoke, I feel that I can think better than when I'm not high.
Why is alcohol legal when it kills people, and destroys families? Marijuana isn't harmful at all.
The only reason people think that it's bad is because society makes it look bad.

@amymullis Marijuana does have several known harmful effects. Please visit http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_mj1.php for more information

you are actually the second person i know to ever say something like this. I have a friend who does drugs and tells me the same thing, when in actuality drugs are a really bad thing. Not trying to be offensive in anyway, but by hearing that it makes me certain that things like that actually do kill brain cells. Whether it's a fact people like to hear or not, all kinds of drugs have a negative effect on you (some more than others), including the fact that some of them are only supposed to be used for medical reasons anyways. I didn't just come here to post my personal information or anything, but I am a high school student and feel like i know way too many people who do drugs.
I can surely say that I don't agree with you and I hope we can both agree to disagree. Firstly, I am 15 year old boy and I admit to occasionally smoking marijuana; key word occasionally. The first point that you brought up that I'd like to disagree with is the fact that you think it kills brain cells. This is a remarkably immature and biased thing to say seeing as I, an occasional marijuana smoker, can have a 3.8 GPA, make honour role ever since I got into high-school, play French horn and Trumpet in both symphonic band AND jazz band, be able to maintain healthy relationships with my friends and family and have a part time job 4 days a week. By the way, people only think it kills brain cells because a long time ago scientists held an experiment where they were pumping monkeys full of marijuana smoke for long periods of time with no break in between. This is no way mimics the actual act of smoking marijuana. Any smoke being continuously pumped into a living creature is going to kill brain cells whether it be from a camp fire, a cigarette, or a joint. If you are stupid before you start using marijuana, you will be stupid after using marijuana. If you're an intelligent person before using marijuana, you will be an intelligent person after using marijuana. It all depends on the person and in no way can be determined by the substance. So no, it certainly does NOT kill brain cells.
Recent studies have shown marijuana to actually damage receptors in the brain. Stuides have shown minors who start smoking before the age of 16 have notoriously lower IQ, worse test taking skills, and less social skills. Also, tests have shown minors who began smoking marijuana before the age of 16 typicall show less reaction in the frontal lobe of the brain, even when not affected by any kind of "high" Although your case is how it is, does not speak for the entire world.
thank you! people act like marijuana is so bad.... its not at all cigerattes and alcohol are way worse and there both legal
Thank you! As a regular 16 year old pot smoker, I'd like to reinforce the fact that, just because I smoke, doesn't mean I'm an idiot. It doesn't mean I'm scum. Now to back up my point, I will brag about myself;) I have a 4.0 I've skipped a grade of high school (yes, while consistently smoking) I am a double black diamond trail snowboarder I have won scholarships I've applied to 9 prestigious college and universities (waiting to hear back in April, fingers crossed!) I have won numerous awards in and outside of school I've had three jobs I speak french, (I learned that on my own time, thank you very much) I am not a failure. I'm just enjoying myself.

@Emma, congratulations on all of your acheivements.  Pretty impressive.  But, the fact that your are doing so well does not prove the using marijuana is okay.  Using marijuana is harmful to your brain and body.  It can actually lower your IQ!  The teen brain is still growing and maturing.  Marijuana can interrupt those processes and cause permanent damage.   

So, I totally responded to this...I wonder what happened to my comment? I'll try again. Thank you for your compliment. :) So, pot can lower my IQ?! Oh my gosh! And what's this!? By a WHOPPING 8 PTS!!! Over the course of my WHOLE LIFE!! Oh my gosh!! I am 8 IQ points dumber then I was before I started having fun with weed, oh no!!! That's terrible! I knew it though! I knew if I hadn't started smoking pot, I would have gotten a 200 on my IQ test...instead of a measly 192 :/ What a shame. I was so close to genius. I wonder what else marijuana has ruined for me...
my cousin is proof that marijuana is bad, he started in 9th grade and now as an adult with two young kids he has a low paying job, rarely gets to see his kids, and has a low I.Q. score!
You almost sound intelligent with your research, however, you need to do more research!!! You stopped half way cause you think marijuana is cool.
That is a bold-faced lie. Marijuana doesn't kill anyone?! Ha! Add your result of zero with a million and then you'll be close to the actual truth. Marijuana does kill and not believing the fact that it kills tons of people a year is naive. I hope that one day you realize that the world isn't just rainbows and plumdrop fairies and that marijuana does kill. But let me guess, you take marijuana? Wow, not a bias argument AT ALL!
You have no proof to back up anything you just said (because its all lies.) Between 1999 and 2007, only 26 people died from marijuana as an underlying cause of death. That's 26 people out of almost 3 billion. That's 3,000,000,000. None of these people even died from overdosing. To OD on weed, you need to do the physically impossible. Smoke over 800 joints. Before you got anywhere near there, you would be vomiting and passed out. And let me guess, you DON'T take marijuana? WOW, not a bias argument AT ALL! Also, no one "takes" weed.

I hate to say this but just in our streets alone, gangs of boys smoking weed and doing drugs are a day-to-day occurrence. They aren't even afraid of the police anymore. With these kind of kids as the future of the nation, I don't know how else we can survive another decade or two...

NIDAminds, unfortunately NIDA is not a source for accurate information about drugs, especially marijuana. Their "facts" seem to be provided by the DEA, not physicians.

@phk Actually, our information comes mostly from researchers – both scientists and physicians – but we do analyze, use and share information from numerous other reliable sources as well – including the DEA.

IT IS JUST SOOOOOO SAD THESE DAYS OUR HILDREN INE TOOMUCH MESS!!!

i agree with amymullis 100%. there has been no reported deaths from just smoking marijuana. so why is it illeagl? in my opinion the should make alcohol and tobacco illeagle. this is bs how everyone is spazzing out about marijuana

Save your teen from smoking because this is an addiction which can cause even death.[commercial link removed, per guidelines]

marijuana has no harmful side effects.
Get a clue.

It is really bad for you! yellow finger nails, wrinkles! urgh!!!

who would want that at so young age?!!!!

im only 12 and im already doing this xx (i dont smoke im way way against it) I DO NOT SMOKE

Tobacco and other similar lobies are simply to strong! They buy anyone who tries to really fight against it! There is not much we can do about it!
Regards from Sarajevo from [commercial link removed, per guidelines] (auto oglasi) team

Marijuana is not bad it already came of this earth the only thing bad about it is all the crime that goes on about it and that is because it is illegal if you legalize it your problems will be gone and there will be less crime. This society just makes it look bad when really people don't even know that much about it. Don't conform to anybodys standards

Just because it came from the Earth doesn't mean it's good for you. A cactus comes from the Earth, why not eat that? It can't damage your body with it's thorns! It must be good for you since it comes from the Earth. Yeah, keep following that logic and your grave will be set up soon enough.
Lol, you think you're so funny. You can eat cactus. Omg. It's not like you eat crab without removing the shell and claws.

smoking is bad as drugs. marijuana is bad it has more then 400 chemicals. yuck

smoking is bad so is drugs. marijuana is bad it has more then 400 chemicals. yuck

as cigarettes have over 4,000!

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